Fibromyalgia: An Environmental Scan

Table of Contents

APPENDIX H

Neuropeptide, neu­ro­trans­mit­ter, or neu­ro­mod­u­la­tor changes found in cere­brospinal fluid of patients with fibromyalgia

GDNF
Somatostatin
NGF
BDNF
Glutamate
β-Endorphin
Anandamide
Palmitoylethanolamide
Norepinephrine (MHPG)
Serotonin (5-​HIAA)
Hypocretin-​1
Corticotropin-​releasing factor
Substance P
Met-enkephalin-Arg(6)-Phe(7)
Nitric oxide
Homocysteine
Dynorphin A
Legend: ↓ decrease; ↑ increase; ↔ no changes when compared

Reference: Valença et al. 2009
Note: When review­ing research in the area of neu­ro­chem­i­cals in the CNS, con­sider the table above