Childhood Eczema: An Environmental Scan

Table of Contents


Type of Atopic Dermatitis

Brief Description/Characteristics

Atopic Eczema Chronic skin disease
Itchy, red, irritated skin
Dyshidrotic eczema (pompholyx) Term is used to describe either a specific disease or a pattern of presentation
Hand are most affected
Most often appears on sides of both toes and fingers
Characterized with blisters
Commonly associated with extreme itch
Seborrheic dermatitis Presentation affected by where it appears on the body
On scalp area will be red and most often scaly
When on remainder of the body appears moist
Perioral-nasal-ocular dermatitis Only presents around the mouth, nose and eyes
Very often thought to be Rosacea
Discoid eczema Characteristic: coin shaped (1-3cm) appearance
Also known as nummular
Can appear anywhere on the body
Has both moist (weeping) and dry, scaly characteristics
Severe itching often present
Neurodermatitis Characterized by scaly patches
Often occurs on head, lowers legs, forearms and wrists
Initiated by a localized itch such as a bite
Allergic Contact Eczema Skin is exposed to irritant through contact
Red, weepy and itchy
Immune system recognizes something is foreign
e.g., poison ivy
Contact Eczema Occurs when skin is exposed to an allergen or irritant e.g., chemical, cleaning product(s)
Localized to one specific location
Red, itchy and burning skin