Fibromyalgia: An Environmental Scan

Table of Contents

4.2 A Focus on Fibromyalgia

4.2.1 History of Fibromyalgia

As far back as the early 1900’s, what we now call fibromyalgia was described as a disorder of the musculoskeletal system thought primarily caused by characteristics of inflammation of fibrous tissue and was referred to as fibrotisis (Wood, Patrick 2008) (Chakrabarty and Zoorob 2007). In the 1970’s, the term fibromyalgia was introduced and the condition became known as a pain disorder of widespread generalized pain and tenderness on palpation at specific points on the body (Podolecki, T., Podolecki, A., Hrycek, A. 2009).

4.2.2 What is Fibromyalgia?

fibromyalgia is a poorly-understood chronic pain syndrome, is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue and psychological distress with specific regions of localized tenderness. This syndrome is considered one of several ‘central’ pain syndromes that are common in the general population (Dadabhoy, D., and Daniel J. Clauw 2006). The constellation of symptoms of fibromyalgia all appear in the absence of other pathologies (Abeles, M., Solitar, B., Pillinger, MH. et al. 2008) (Aryeh, M., Pillinger, Micheal H., Solitar, Bruce M. and Micha Abeles 2007). fibromyalgia often occurs together with other chronic pain disorders and individuals with fibromyalgia are between 2 and 7 times more likely to have one or more of the following co-morbid conditions: depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, headache, anxiety and rheumatoid arthritis.  (Weir, Peter T., Harlan, Gregory A., Nkoy, F. et al 2006).